Geri Anasayfa

Detay


National Unity and Policy of Violance Themes in the Elections of 14 May 1950

Abstract
During the first phases of the multi-party regime in the history of the Republic of Turkey, the ruling party considered the opposing parties as organizations for control of the government rather than an alternative for government. Also understanding of “the party is the state, the state is the party” had surrounded both civil and military bureaucracy in the first years of the Republic. Thus there were some confusion and problems concerning the run of the state. Any opposing movement or political party was seen as a kind of enemy against the interests of the state and they had to face with some accusations. In particular, the Democrat Party’s claims of boycotting the elections and relying on the consent of people were regarded as a rebellion against the national will and a communist tactic by the government. Thus political tension between the government and opposition, which complained that there was no sphere of living in politics, reached to such a high point that threatened the national unity. The government changed for the first time according to democratic practices on 14 May 1950. However, since the Second Constitutional Era there was a tradition in the Turkish politics. Accordingly, the promises given by the opposition were to be ignored once the government was gained. This was also true and a character of the period between 1950 and 1960. This fact negatively influenced the Turkish democracy and political life. In this article, on the basis of period’s periodicals, propaganda activities of the ruling and the main opposition parties and especially the policy of violence and the national unity theme before and during the 1950 elections are evaluated.

Keywords
1950 Elections - Republican People’s Party - Democrat Party- National Unity - Policy of Violance.