Geri Anasayfa

Detay


Trade Routes, Ports and Bazaar Locations in Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate

Abstract
The caravan trade routes of Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate can be classified in three main directions; east-west, north-south and northwest, southeast. Asian goods would travel to Europe, among other routes, mainly via Anatolia. For this reason, there were various busy caravan routes on Anatolia laying in west-east direction. Routes connecting Mediterranean and Black Sea ports and main roads connecting countries located South of Anatolia with Crimea, Kipchak Steppes (Deşt-i Kıpçak) and Russia were in the North-south direction. The endpoints of these roads would end in trade ports in Black Sea and Mediterranean. These ports where international trade was being made in great volumes were Antalya, Alaiye (Alanya), Ayas, Korykos (Kızkalesi) ports in Mediterranean. In Black Sea we observed that trade ships, especially those headed for Sudak port used Sinope and Samsun ports. Expanding volume of international trade resulted in organization of certain international fairs in Anatolia. These fares were called yabanlu(ğ) as they were often established outside of cities in the wilderness (yaban). The Yabanlu Bazaaar, located in Karahisar Plain, on a busy international caravan route located between Kayseri-Elbistan, where caravans from Anatolia, Syria and Iraq were frequenting, was well known Other than that, Koçhisar (Dunaysir, Kızıltepe), located south of Mardin developed as an important bazaar and became a city proper. Among the important bazaar of Seljuk Anatolia, we can count "Ziyaret Bazaar" on Kırşehir road, "Yılgun Bazaar" on Ilgın (Âb-ı Germ), "Azine Bazaar" between Amasya and Tokat, "Alemeddin Bazaar” on Lâdik (Germiyan)", and "Türkmen Bazaar” established at various locations.

Keywords
Anatolian Seljuk Sultanate, Anatolia, trade, bazaar locations, trade routes