Geri Anasayfa


The Place of the Demonstrative Groups within the Types of Words in Terms of Their Structures

In every grammar resources where word classes are discussed, each word type itself is classified in terms of its semantic, functional and structural features. It generally stated that nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, verbs and interjections ... are of three types as “simplex, derivative, compound” in terms of their structures. T. Banguoğlu, M. Ergin, T. N. Gencan, N. Atabay – İ. Kutluk – S. Özel, D. Aksan, H. Ediskun, K. Bilgegil, as grammar writers, classify the nouns in three groups in terms of their phonological structures as “simplex, derivative, and compund (complex)”, and this is understood from their books. Nevertheless, nouns such as “banka yönetimi (bank management), siyasal eğilim (political disposition), hemşehrilik gayreti (citizenship effort)…” cannot be analyzed within the scope of those three types. As a consequence, nouns should be classified in terms of their phonological structures: 1. Simplex nouns 2. Derivative nouns 3. Compound nouns 4. Phrasal nouns. In this article, the explanations about the types of the adjectives, adverbs, verbs and interjections in terms of their phonological structures in the above-mentioned resources have been criticized. The lexical category and the usages in sample texts under the related titles were analysed and it was underlined that some adjectives were "adjective groups", some adverbs were "adverbial groups", some verbs were "verb groups" and some interjections were "interjection groups". As a result, it was emphasized that all lexical categories should be classified under four types in terms of phonological structure and the fourth type should cover the ones in the form of group of related type. In the final part, it was explained with reasons that pronouns, postpositions and conjunctions should not categorized in terms of their phonological structures.

noun group, adjective group, adverbial group, verb group