Geri Anasayfa

Detay


CONTRIBUTIONS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION BY THE SUN AND WIND ON REDUCTION GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS AND ENVIRONMENTAL COSTS IN TURKEY

Abstract
As throughout the world, electricity generation based on fossil fuels is produced in Turkey. Turkey share in electricity generation from renewable energy sources is increasing. The cheapest source of electricity generation in Turkey in 2023 will be wind and solar. The half of the electricity generated in Turkey could be provided from wind, solar and other renewable energy resources. Electricity generation contributes significantly to greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and the adverse environmental impacts caused by these emissions. Significant technological advances have been made for wind and solar electricity generation. Together with these developments, the duration and proven success of these technologies reduces the perceived project risk and this greatly reduces the cost of capital. In this study, the contributions of electricity generation by the sun and wind on reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and environmental costs in Turkey were investigated. In wind power plants, 977.84 kgCO2-eq less greenhouse gas are released per unit (MWh) of electricity than coal-fired thermal power plants. On the other hand, in solar PV power plants, 923.25 kgCO2-eq less greenhouse gas per unit (MWh) electricity generation are released compared to coal-fired thermal power plants. The environmental cost of electricity in wind power plants is about 185.1 € per unit (MWh) of electricity generation and 98.51% lower than coal-fired thermal power plants. The environmental cost of electricity in solar PV power plants is 69.5 € per unit (MWh) of electricity generation lower than that of natural gas fired thermal power plants.

Keywords
Turkey, Electricity generation, Renewable energy, Solar energy, Wind energy,, Greenhouse gas emissio