Geri Anasayfa

Detay


INVESTIGATION OF THE EXERCISE DEPENDENCE IN SPORTS CENTERS

Abstract
Most of the human behavior is seen as normal until it shows excess. Therefore, special exercise coaches must take into account such symptoms to assess whether the person is dependent. One of the most important symptoms of exercise dependence is that exercise time cannot be controlled despite the limitations related to disability, disease, social or working life, and individuals' shaping their life or lifestyles according to exercise programs. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of exercise dependence on participation in sports centers. A total of 391 (242 male, 149 female) healthy volunteers participated in the study from 13 different sports centers, 18 years of age and over, and at least 1 year of training. A questionnaire was used to question the demographic characteristics of the participants and a 21-item Exercise Dependence Scale developed by Hausenblas and Downs (2002) and adapted to Turkish by Yeltepe and İkizler (2007) was applied. The data were evaluated in statistical package program, Mann-Whitney U and nonparametric tests Kruskall Wallis were used in parametric tests, p <0.05 was considered significant. In the result of the research; while participants showed moderate sensitivity to exercise dependence scale (69,43), the value in terms of scale was defined as symptomatic (3,30). When the exercise dependence averages of the participants were categorized, 10 participants (2.55%) were asymptomatic, 352 participants (90.02%) were non-dependent symptomatic, and 29 participants (7.41%) were at risk of exercise dependence. The symptomatic group was significantly different from the other two groups. There were also statistically significant differences in exercise dependence mean age of exercise, regular training and weekly training frequency. Gender, age, marital status, level of education and daily exercise duration were not affected by exercise dependence. As a result, it can be said that regular exercise and frequency in individuals with higher education background can be effective in determining exercise dependence.

Keywords
Exercise, dependency, symptomatic, asymptomatic, sports center.