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NUR AL-DIN MAHMUD ZANKI’S RELATIONS WITH ISLAMIC STATES IN HIS NORTHERN FRONTIER (1146-1174)

Abstract
Zangids which is divided into two main branches as Haleb and Mosul after İmad-al-Din Zanki’s death, thanks to the ruler of Haleb Nur al-Din’s intelligent management and courage, remained in the region spiritedly for another century. Nur al-Din managed to eliminate all threats to his country by winning the sovereignty struggle with his opponents who tried to enter Syria and al-Jazeera with the opportunity of his father's death. Firstly he made Crusaders dysfunctional on the northern border and afterwards he had to pursue a sensitive policy towards Islamic states like Saldjukids and Artukids. Especially against the most serious opponent the Saldjukids, both in the time of Mesud I and his son Kilidj Arslan II, he followed a functional policy that prevented them in east of Anatolia and Al-Jazeera. Nevertheless, Nureddin did not establish his relations with Muslim states on the northern border on a purely hostile policy. He followed a competitive policy that could be tolerated from time to time to form an alliance against the non-Muslim states operating in the same region. In this article, it will be tried to explain Nureddin's struggle for dominance with the Islamic states on the northern border and during the 30 years of his reign, the principles of the politics he pursued against Muslim states will be put forward

Keywords
Nur al-Din Mahmud Zanki, Mas’ud I, Kilidj Arslan II, Timurtash, Fakhr al-Din Qara Arslan