Geri Anasayfa

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THE CRITICAL EDITION of MOSTAFA al-BADRI al-DIMYATI’S TREATISE “KANZ al-MABANI fî HURUF al-MAÂNI”

Abstract
Author of the treatise which is the subject of our work, Mostafa al-Badri al-Dimyâtî, is an Egyptian scholar who lived in the 13th (hijri) century. In his treatise he deals with the most important and common letters of meaning in Arabic language as poetry form. Poetry form (nazm/manzum) is a method used in Arabic grammar in order to teach the grammatical rules and to facilitate memorization. In this manuscript, ed-Dimyâtî used this method for the same purpose. In this article, after giving information about the life of the author and his personality, two manuscripts will be examined. In Arabic, the word is divided into three types: noun, verb and letter. Here, the letter (harf) implies hurûf al-maânî. Linguists have different views on the description, classification and number of letters. While naming the letter, they used different concepts such as hurûf al-maânî, adât and adavât al-rabt. In general, hurûf al-maânî is defined as the word which is meaningful with other words without meaning alone. When the words have grammatical functions, the sentence has a meaning. In this respect, the words or sentences that are not related to each other, which cannot be contacted between them, make no sense. Almost in every sentence, except for a few sentence types, prepositions and conjunctions are linguistic units that help to express the correct meaning. In Arabic, prepositions or conjunctions are called letters (huruf). However, these letters are called “hurûf al-maânî” apart from syllable letters. The writers on the Hurûfu’l-maânî as al-Rummânî, al-Mâlakî, al-Murâdî, have discussed each category in alphabetical order according to the letter numbers of single letter, two letters, three letters, four letters and five letters. Ibn Hishâm in his work called Mugni al-Labib wrote the prepositions alphabetically rather than the number of letters. al-Zamahshari’s al-Mufassal, Ibn Yaish Sharh’s on al-Mufassal, Ibn Hagib’s book al-Idah fî Sharh al-Mufassal and al-Suyuti’s work al-Itqân fî ‘Ulûm al-Qur’ân have also examined the prepositions according to the meaning and function they carry, not the number of letters and the alphabetical order.

Keywords
al-Dimyâtî, Letters of Meaning, Arabic Language, Nahiw, Preposition.