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ON A NEW INTERPRETATION OF THE YASIN SURAH IN TURKISH BY HIZIR BEG CHELEBI (KASTAMONU EDITION)

Abstract
This study was carried out on the interpretation of Surah Yasin belonging to Hızır Beg Chelebi, that was found in the Kastamonu Manuscript Library with the archive number 4226. Hızır Beg Chelebi is one of the leading scholars of Sultan Mehmet II period in the 15th century. After the conquest of Istanbul, he was the first kadi [Islamic judge] and a mayor of Istanbul. This is a copy written in the 15th century which was not investigated by researchers so far and was not mentioned in the interpretation bibliographies. The interpretation of the Yasin, which is the subject of the examination here, is included in the pages 33b-83b of a magazine with two works. The Yasin Surah was described by Prophet Muhammad as the heart of the Quran. In this respect, this interpretation of Yasin will become very important for the Turkish interpretation culture. The language of such works written for the public to read and understand contains very rich language elements for the period in which they were written. In addition to the two copies of the work in the Millet Manuscript Library, Ali Emiri Department, 58/A and 59, there ise one more copy which is registered with the number 140 in İbrahim Efendi Department of Süleymaniye Library. In this study, firstly, the content and method features of the work are mentioned, and then, information about the author and other copies are given. Next, spelling, sound, and shape characteristics of the work are mentioned as they reflect the language characteristics of the period. Finally, examples of the vocabulary of the work were given and the state of Turkish moral concepts was determined. In this study, with revealing this work belonging to Old Anatolian Turkish period, it was aimed to contribute to language research.

Keywords
Old Anatolian Turkish, Hızır Beg Chelebi, Yasin Surah, Interpretation, Language Characteristics