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The Relationship between Budget Deficit and Current Account Deficit in the Turkish Economy

Abstract
One of the important economic phenomena that emerged from the 1980s during which global trade began to increase and capital flows began to move freely among the countries was the twin deficits hypothesis. Twin deficits hypothesis is defined as the fact that the budget deficits and the current account deficit affect each other. While the Keynesian approach argues that there is a relationship between budget deficits and the current account deficit, Ricardo Equivalence hypothesis argues that there is no relationship between budget deficits and the current account deficit. In this study, whether the twin deficits hypothesis was valid during the 2006:Q1-2018:Q2 period in Turkey was examined by the time series analysis method. In this context, Johansen cointegration analysis, error correction model, effect-response functions and variance decomposition methods were used. According to the results obtained, it was determined that there was a long-term relationship between budget deficits and the current account deficit and therefore the twin deficits hypothesis was valid during the 2006:Q1-2018:Q2 period in Turkey.

Keywords
Twin Deficits Hypothesis, Budget Deficit, Current Account Balance, Johansen Cointegration Analysis