Geri Anasayfa

Detay


SOCIAL CHANGE AND THE NEED FOR NURSERY SCHOOLS

Abstract
Every stage of education is important. However, the pre-school education has additional importance because it being the first stage of the school life and being the period that the children’s physical and mental development is accelerated; the given education in this period being able to shape the children’s future; and because the behavior acquired in the childhood years shapes the individual’s personality, attitude, habits, beliefs and value judgment. The need for pre-school education is obvious due to the reasons mentioned. In addition, from a sociological perspective, another subject of need is social change. That is to say, the various social changes in the economic and social life popularized pre-school education in the world and our country and raised the importance of pre-school education. Especially with the women entering the working life and changing women’s status, conversion in the family life, urbanization, and the increase of the importance on the equality of opportunity, the parents started to send their children to nursery schools more and more. For this reason, this study was conducted to explain the need for nursery schools with the mentioned categories of social change. In this study, in-depth interviews were done with a total of 12 inüdividuals via a semi-structured interview form. The six of the interviewees are teachers, and the other six are student’s parents. The interviews were done on a voluntary basis. In the analysis of the interviews, the MAXQDA qualitative research technique was made use of. As a result of the analyses, four categories were formed under the main theme of social change and the need for nursery schools. These categories are the need for nursery schools and the women’s changing position based on social change; the equality of opportunities and unpaid and compulsory nursery schools; urbanization and the children’s need for socialization; and the changing family structure and the need for nursery schools. These categories were mapped with the interviewees’ thought codes.

Keywords
Education, Nursery Schools, Social Change, MAXQDA.