Geri Anasayfa

Detay


THE EFFECTS OF TURKISH AGRICULTURAL POLICIES APPLIED BETWEEN 1950-1957 ON THE COUNTRY ECONOMY

Abstract
II. World War I began on September 3, 1939 when Britain and France declaredwar on Germany, which invaded Poland. In the war that brokeout after a tense period of twenty years, determined by the disputesleft by World War I, the war in Germany, Italy and Japan converged with the Axisstates, France, the United Kingdom, the US, the USSR, and, more limitedly, the Alliedstatesformed by China. The warspreadallover Europe exceptSpain, Sweden and Switzerland. All the resources of all the countries that entered the war and the manpower were used for the war. II. World War I ended in September 1945. Fewregions of the world were able to savethemselves from the bitter consequences of this war. In Germany, the administration of Adolf Hitler was demolished at the expense of great loss of life and great suffering. At the end of the war, the USSR and some EasternEuropeancountries gained newterritories, while the Japanese and Italianempires were destroyed. Axis and Alliedstates had applied great pressure on Turkey to put their side in the war on Turkey in this process. These activities of the warringparties in the face of Turkey'spolicy is to stayout of the war and takingadvantage of interstateconflict of interest "policy of balance" was watching. Turkey had not fully in the Second World War, but was greatlyimpressed by this war. The economic measurestaken during the warcaused significant problems in the country. Turkey, especially due to itsgeographical location remained between the twosuperpowers such as the USA and the USSR, and was forced to approach the US side of these forces. These developments affected Turkish political life as well as economic and cultural life. In the field of agriculture II. In the aftermath of World War II, agricultural sector was givenimportance to solve the problem of nutrition. During the Democratic Party, it was thought that the country would be able to groweconomically with the increase of agricultural production. Allkinds of productssuitable to the growth of Turkey'sterritorial issues, agricultural equipment and power was thought to increase the production of information by resolving issues and peasantincome. In this period, he saw the need for the economic development of the peasant and producer as a matter of importance as much as the cost of living in this period in the struggleagainst the variousnegativities put forward by the Second World War. Turkey II. Immediately after World War II, he started to work in the field of forestry, rubberworks, seedcleaningworks, agricultural struggle, viticulture, fruittea, olive, agricultural education, silkworm, poultryfarming. In order to spread the agricultural units into villages, to make thempractical and active, the technical agriculture was tried to be expanded. The basis of the agricultural policies, which were formed in accordance with the change in the political conditions of the world after the war and directedtowards the more liberal open to general economic policies, was redefined.

Keywords
Economics. Agriculture, Agricultural Policy, Turkey, Production