Geri Anasayfa

Detay


THE PROBLEM OF THE STATUS OF LOCAL OTTOMAN SILK PRODUCTION VIS-A-VIS IRANIAN SILK

Abstract
It is known that Ottoman sericulture started with Iranian imports. Being processed in such cities as Amasya and Bursa they were exported to such centers as Aleppo and Bursa and to Europe. The first of the important questions that need to be researched at this point is when the local production of the silk that was supplied from Iran in the form of import substitution began and how this production changed over time. This study is handled in two stages. Firstly, the focus is directed on Amasya, one of the major silk producing cities in the Ottoman Empire. In Ottoman archival documents, the first document on silk production in Amasya was recorded in 1712. As a prototype, the Islamic court registers of the city of Amasya is reviewed from 1500s onward. Especially the registers dating from between the years of 1750 and 1900 was examined in decade-long periods. In registers of inherited estates, in reports of division of inheritance, mulberry fields, records of silkworm breeding houses, raw cocoons and silk fabrics are noted. As a result of this research, although it is not known before the year 1700 in Amasya region, silk production became definite after these years. The statistical data of the acquired results will be compared with previous and later periods. In the second part of the study, based on the indicated cities, some analyses and propositions on the problem of the size of Ottoman sericulture was made. If the situation that becomes relatively clarified in the context of the city of Amasya as a sample is conducted for other silk-producing cities, then the overall picture can be revealed more clearly.

Keywords
Ottoman silk, Amasya Silk, Silk Road, Morus Alba