Geri Anasayfa

Detay


Historical Ontology of the Subject and Analysis of the Power Relations

Abstract
In Michel Foucault’s political philosophy, the historical ontology of the subject and the analysis of power relations are significant in two aspects. The first point to which this thought is important is that it contains critical issues related to modern political philosophy; the second point is the concretization of the basic concepts of postmodern political philosophy. Historical ontology of the subject and the analysis of power relations bring subjectivity issue to forefront. This issue both criticises modern political philosophy and at the same time prepares postmodern political philosophy. In consequence of, from the modern political philosophy that has a universal human nature, it is shifted to the postmodern political philosophy which rejects human nature. Foucault’s thoughts are important because they provide this transition. In Foucault’s thought, we need to evaluate together the historical ontology of the subject and the analysis of power relations. There is a frame associated with each other. They both become clarity. For this reason, subject cannot evaluates independent of power relations. Subject, constitutes historically within power relations and shapes within this relations. For this reason, must analyse power relations. Accordingly, power does not have a central position; not positioned at a single point; Contrary to this, the power is everywhere; power is not just a domination instrument; power is creative; reproductive. Accordingly, while postmodern politics is head towards micro-power analysis; modern political philosophy have macro power understanding. This distinction constitutes an important difference of modern and postmodern political philosophies.

Keywords
Foucault, Subject, Knowledge, Power, Ontology