Geri Anasayfa

Detay


IMPORTANT PROBLEMS IN THE FIGHT AGAINST TYPHUS DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR AND MEASURES TAKEN

Abstract
The Second World War had a negative impact on the lives of the people of the countries involved in the war or remained neutral. In Turkey, the Second World War had a negative impact on public health and various health problems and epidemics were experienced due to economic problems caused by the war. The increase in the share of defence spending in central budget expenditures caused a decrease in the share of health care items, like other social expenditures, due to the war. Even the allocation allocated to fight epidemics increased in 1942 and 1943 had to be reduced. The most important factor in the emergence of typhus is economic conditions. In Turkey, typhus disease was seen in the environment where the negative economic and social effects of the Second World War were seen, especially in the years 1942 and 1943 when life cost reached its peak. As a result of the deterioration of income distribution due to war, inadequate nutrition of the wider population and deterioration of social hygiene conditions, typhus cases have been recorded. Typhus is a disease seen every year in Turkey before the war, but it is not epidemic dimensions. In 1940, 1941 and 1942, an average of 764 typhus cases were observed each year. In particular, it became epidemic in 1943. The spread of the disease has caused anxiety throughout the country. Ministry of Health and Internal Affairs, municipalities, community houses and aid associations have taken serious measures to combat the disease. As a precaution against the disease, the public has been informed about how to protect against typhoid. The news about typhus epidemic has been published in the newspapers and the need for the public to help the government work to protect against infectious diseases has been emphasized.

Keywords
World War II, Infectious Diseases, Typhus.