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MUSTAFA KEMAL PASHA'S STABILITY IN THE FIRST STEPS OF SAMSUN, HAVZA AND AMASYA

Abstract
Upon the threat of British occupation of the Black Sea region, the government decided to send Mustafa Kemal Pasha as the 9th Army Inspector. Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who departed from Istanbul on May 16, 1919, reached Samsun on 19 May. After the arrival of Samsun on May 19, the British are uncomfortable with the actions of Mustafa Kemal Pasha, and he begins to put pressure on the government to be called back to Istanbul. Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who does not feel safe in Samsun, passes to Havza on 25 May and continues his work there. Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who received the news of the occupation of İzmir, Manisa and Aydın on May 28, published the Havza Circular. On the 12th of June 1919, when the pressures to return to Istanbul increased, it passed to Amasya, which he had long seen as a place where his designs could be realized. In line with the request of Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who was met with enthusiasm by Amasya, on June 14, Amasya Defense-of-Law National Association was established. On September 19, Ali Fuat Pasha and Rauf Bey came to Amasya. Ali Fuat, Rauf Bey, Mustafa Kemal Pasha and the telegraph with the approval of the commanders of the affirmative 21/22 June 1919 Amasya Tamimi is declared. Thus, the Independence Struggle started.

Keywords
Mustafa Kemal Pasha, Struggle for Independence, Samsun, Havza, Amasya