Geri Anasayfa

Detay


Sponge Fishing in Turkey During Republican Period (1923- 1990)

Abstract
From the Ottoman Empire until the end of the 21. century, sponge fishing became an important business and livelihood in the coasts of Menteşe and its surrounding islands. After the proclamation of the Republic in Turkey, the majority of Anatolian Greeks were sent to Greece by exchange. Greek sponge fishers who were spongers in Turkey were also exchanged. Due to this exchange sponge fishing declined in Turkey. The exchange of the migrant Turks who came to Anatolia were resurrected sponge fishing. Republic of Turkey build “Süntaş Company” on behalf of the development of the sponge fishing. Süntaş Company served 10 years for the development of sponge fishing. This institution was replaced by Et ve Balık Kurumu (Meat and Fish Authority) in the 1950s. New breakthroughs have been made since the 1950s for the development of sponge fishing. Sponges cooperatives were established in important sponge fishing areeas. The main problems faced by the spongers were marketing their products in the Republican era. Due to the political problems with Greece, sponge export also experienced great negativity. Because, the biggest buyers of the Turkish sponge were Greek sponge traders. In addition to these negativities, the sponge disease that occurred in the Aegean and Mediterranean regions in 1986 decreased the stock of sponges in the seas. Sponge fishing has been largely eliminated by the state’s gradual ban on sponge hunt in the 1990s. In the preparation of this article were benefited Prime Ministry Republic Archives, State Institute of Statistics publications, research works and local and national newspapers. This work in addition to contributing to the researches about sponge fishing, it is also aimed to be a model for new studies in this subject.

Keywords
Sponge Fishing, Marketing, Turkey, Egean Coast, Greece.