Geri Anasayfa

Detay


The Religious Behavior and Attitude of Germany-Born Turkish Youth

Abstract
After the destruction of the World War II in Europe, western countries engaged in a rapid development process have tried to respond the labor gap in their markets taking advantage of their under-developed neighbors. The first and foremost motive that drove western countries to import labor force is the demographic qualities that emerge from the human loss, and the economic growth due to the acceleration of the industrialization period. Because of these conditions, the guest-worker campaign was launched in order to meet the labor gap prevalent in European countries. The process was expedited after the Turkish-German cooperation agreement which was signed on September 1, 1961. In line with the family unifications in 1974, the fact that Germany was in a better condition than Turkey in terms of its social, cultural and economic aspects stabilized the phenomenon of Turkish immigrants in Germany as a permanent reality. After the September 12, 1980 coup in Turkey another massive migration took place which followed up with the socio-cultural interaction in the posterior generations that had flourished in the German society at the early beginning. In our study, the religious practices of the Turkish youth born in Germany, their values of every-day life, significance and place of the religious rules have been analyzed in terms of the interaction between religion and society within the scope of the sociology of religion. Since the emigration after 1960s, there has been a huge number of Germany-born Turkey’s youth. The socialization of these youth is realized bilaterally both in their own places and others. As a result of this interaction, it is observed that Turkish immigrant youth’s religious attitude and behavior are changing.

Keywords
Germany, Immigration, Religious attitude and behavior, Turkish Immigrant Youth